نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه مهندسی محیط زیست، دانشکده محیط زیست، دانشگاه تهران

2 دانش‌آموخته دکترای مهندسی محیط زیست، دانشکده محیط زیست، دانشگاه تهران

3 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد ارزیابی و آمایش سرزمین، دانشکده محیط زیست و انرژی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران

چکیده

امروزه کاهش پساب یکی از بزرگترین مسائلی است که در صنایع فرآیندی با آن مواجه هستیم و از‌ آنجا‌که پساب، یکی از آلاینده‌های تولیدی مهم در فرآیندها است، توانایی احیا پساب برای مصرف مجدد آب و کاهش مصرف آب تازه، گام مهمی است که به‌سوی کاهش کلی پساب برداشته می‌شود. این مقاله کمینه‌سازی مصرف آب و تولید پساب در صنایع مس و در سه واحد مجتمع مس خاتون‌آباد را بررسی می کند برای این منظور. روش مرسوم کاهش آب و روشی نوین با نام تکنولوژی پینچ آبی توضیح داده شده‌اند. در این مقاله سه پارامتر TSS، TDS و کدورت به صورت دو پارامتر همزمان بررسی شده است. در حالت اول، دوم و سوم، به ترتیب پارامترهای TSS-TDS، TDS- کدورت و کدورت-TSS در مدل پینچ آبی در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج این تحقیقات و به‌کارگیری روش پینچ نشان می‌دهد که به ترتیب می‌توان 379، 22 و 401 مترمکعب در روز در مصرف آب خام معادل 25، 46/1 و 26 درصد صرفه‌جویی کرد. بیشترین میزان کاهش مصرف آب با در نظر گرفتن دو شاخص کدورت-TSS به‌طور هم‌زمان رخ خواهد داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Water Pinch Model for Reusing Copper Processing Waste Water using Two Pollutants Simultaneously

نویسندگان [English]

  • Naser Mehrdadi 1
  • Ali Torabian 1
  • Amir Khakpour 2
  • Mojdeh Soroush 3

1 Prof., Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran

2 Ph.D.., Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran, Tehran

3 MSc., Assessment and Land Use, Department of Environment and Energy, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran

چکیده [English]

Today, reducing waste water as one of the greatest challenges we face in the industrial process and, since the wastewater is one of the major pollutants produced in that process, the ability to restore and reuse water and to reduce water consumption represents an important step towards overall waste water reduction. This article investigates the minimization of water consumption and wastewater in the copper industry and, specifically, in Unit Three of the Khatoon Abad copper complex. One conventional method and one new method named Water Pinch are described for this purpose. In the first, second and third modes, respectively, the TSS-TDS, Turbidity-TDS and TSS-Turbidity parameters were considered as the indicators. The results showed a saving in raw water consumption of 379, 22 and 401 m3/day (equal to 25, 1.46 and 26 %), respectively, which is a significant amount.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Minimization
  • Water Pinch model
  • Khatoon Abad copper complex
  • Pollutant

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