نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج

2 گروه مدیریت توسعه روستایی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه یاسوج، یاسوج

چکیده

بحران­های اقلیمی اثرات مخربی بر عملکرد محصولات کشاورزی در سال­های اخیر تحمیل نموده­اند. استان خوزستان در سال­های اخیر بیشترین آمار خسارت ناشی از طوفان­های گرد و غبار را در بخش کشاورزی بالاخص نخیلات به خود اختصاص داده است. هدف از این مطالعه واکاوی تبیین کننده­های رفتار سازگاری نخل­داران با بحران ریزگردها می­باشد. جامعه آماری پیمایش حاضر مشتمل 157 نفر از نخل­داران شهرستان اهواز می‎باشد. ابزار گردآوری داده­ها پرسشنامه­ای ساختارمند بود که روایی آن توسط پانل متخصصان تأیید شد. برای محاسبه اعتبار ابزار سنجش، مطالعه­ای راهنما خارج از حوزه مطالعه ترتیب داده شد (آلفای کرونباخ 59/0 تا 84/0). یافته­های پژوهش نشان داد مهم­ترین اقدامات سازگاری با بحران ریزگردها در بین نخلداران شستشوی خرما، استفاده از تورهای حفاظتی، بهره­گیری از فرایند سم­پاشی، کشت سایر محصولات زراعی در بین درختان نخل و جستجوی سایر منابع درآمدزا بوده است. یافته­های حاصل آزمون تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که ارزیابی ادراک سازگاری نخل­داران با ضریب بتای 43/0 و انگیزه فرامادی با ضریب بتای 21/0 اثر مثبت، مستقیم و معنا­داری بر رفتار سازگاری نخل­داران دارد. همچنین گفتمان اجتماعی اثر غیر مستقیم، مثبت و معناداری بر رفتار سازگاری نخل­داران دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Resilience to impacts of dust crisis among Ahwaz county date palm orchardists:

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sanaz Golabvand 1
  • Maryam Sharifzadeh 2

1 Rural Development, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Yasouj

2 Department of Rural Development Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Yasouj University, Yasouj

چکیده [English]

Dust storms as extreme weather events are recurrent feature of the climate that has contributed to severe damage to farmers’ population. Date palm sector in Khuzestan province is one of the dust- prone areas that had been affected seriously during recent dust storms. This study aims at investigating factors contributing to date palm orchardists’ resilience to cope with dust stress. Population for this study was 157 date palm orchardists resided in Ahwaz county. This study is based on primary sources of data collected from 100 orchardists following a structured questionnaire survey design. Questionnaire’s validity was confirmed by a panel of experts. The reliability of different scales was measured by alpha Cronbach’s coefficient which was ranged between 0.59-0.84. Results revealed that washing dates, using protecting nets, spraying toxins, cultivating other crops between palm trees and searching for other sources of income were known as resilience behaviors among orchardists. Path analysis results showed that date palm growers’ perception of resilience (β=0.43) and social motives (β=0.21) contributed positively and significantly to date orchardists’ resilience behavior. There was also significant positive indirect impact between social dialogue and resilience of date orchardists to dusty conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Ahwaz- Resilience-Dust-Date palm orchardists

Adger W N. Social aspects of adaptive capacity. In: Smith, J B, Klein R J T, Huq S. (Eds.), Climate Change, Adaptive Capacity and Development. London: Imperial College Press; 2003; 29–49.

Alihouri M, Haghayeghi Moghaddem S A. Effects of irrigation interval and depth on fruit quantitative and quantitative characteristics of Barhee date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L). Journal of Water and Soil Conservation; 2011; 18 (3):1- 15.

Ashraf M, Kumar Routray J. Perception and understanding of drought and coping strategies of farming households in north-west Balochistan. Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction; 2013; 5:49–60.

Bennett B. The Concept: Introduction to Christian Nontheism (First Edition). Ebookit.com Publishing; 2011.

Brooks N W, Adger N, Mick Kelly P. The determinants of vulnerability and adaptive capacity at the national level and the implications for adaptation. Global Environmental Change; 2005; 15(2): 151–163.

Davies M, Be´ne´ C, Arnall A, Tanner T, Newsham A, Coirolo C. Promoting resilient livelihoods through adaptive social protection: Lessons from 124 programmes in South Asia. Development Policy Review; 2013; 31(1): 27–58.

De Graft A H, Onumah E E. Farmers perception and adaptation to climate change: An estimation of willingness to pay. Economics and Informatics; 2011; 3(4): 1-9.

Deressa T T, Hassan R, Ringler C. Perception of and adaptation to climate change by farmers in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Cambridge University. Journal of Agricultural Science; 2010; 149 (1): 23-31.

Ford J M, Smit B, Wandel J. Vulnerability to climate change in the Arctic: A case study from Arctic Bay, Canada. Global Environmental Change; 2006; 16: 145–160.

Gbetibouo A G. Understanding farmers' perceptions and adaptations to climate change and variability the case of the Limpopo Basin, South Africa. IFPRI Discussion Paper 849. Washington, D.C. (USA): IFPRI; 2009.

Grothmann T, Patt A. Adaptive capacity and human cognition: The process of individual adaptation to climate change. Global Environmental Change; 2005; 15: 199–213.

Hares M, Eskonheimo A, Myllyntaus A, Luukkanen O. Environmental literacy in interpreting endangered sustainability: Case studies from Thailand and the Sudan. Geoforum; 2006; 37: 128–144.

Hiwasaki L, Luna F, Syamsidik J, Shaw R. Process for integrating local and indigenous knowledge with science for hydro-meteorological disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in coastal and small Island communities. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction; 2014; 10: 15–27.

Jalali M, Bahrami H A, Darvishi A, Noruzi A A. Survey on Effects of Changes in Time and Space Parameters such as Wind Speed, Soil Moisture and Vegetation Index in the Frequency of Dust Storms (Case Study: Khuzestan Province). Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Ramin in Khuzestan, February 15- 17; 2012; 409- 4018.

Kajbaf M B, Rahimi F. Comparison of addicts personal/social motives and social capital among treatment groups in city of Isfahan. Journal of New Educational Approaches; 2011; 13 (1): 125- 148.

Khuz News. Production of dates. [Online]: Http:/www.khousnews.ir/fa/news/68402. [assessed: 30/06/2014].

Le Dang H, Li E, Nuberg I, Bruwer J. Understanding farmers’ adaptation intention to climate change: A structural equation modelling study in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Environmental Science & Policy; 2014; 41: 11 – 22.

Nazmul H M. Understanding indigenous peoples’ perception on climate change and climate hazards: A case study of Chakma indigenous communities in Rangamati Sadar Upazilanof Rangamati District, Bangladesh. Natural Hazards; 2013; 65 (3): 2147- 2159.

Nickling W G, Brazel A J. Temporal and spatial characteristics of Arizona dust storms (1965– 1980). Journal of Climatology; 1984; 4: 645–660.

Njome M S, Suh Ch E, Chuyong G, Dewit M J. Volcanic risk perception in rural communities along the slopes of mount Cameroon, West-Central Africa. Journal of African Earth Sciences; 2010; 58: 608–622.

Oyekale A S, Obi S I. Farmers’ perception of vulnerability to climate change and adaptation strategies in Isuiwuato local government area, Abia State, Nigeria. The Asian International Journal of Life Science; 2012; 8: 143- 152.

Reilly J M, Schimmelpfenning D. Agricultural impact assessment, vulnerability, and the scope for adaptation. Climate Change; 1999; 43: 745- 788.

Simsekog˘lu O, Nordfjarn T, Fallah Zavareh M, Mohamadi Hezaveh A, Mamdoohi A R, Rundmo T. Risk perceptions, fatalism and driver behaviors in Turkey and Iran. Safety Science; 2013; (59): 187–192.

Van Dijk T A. Social cognition and discourse. In: Giles H, Robinson W P. (Eds.), Handbook of Language and Social Psychology, University of Amsterdam: The Netherlands; 1990; 163-183.

Venot J. Reddy V R, Umapathy D. Coping with drought in irrigated South India: Farmers, adjustment in Nagarjuna Sagar. Agricultural Water Management; 2010; 97: 1434- 1442.