نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده علوم انسانی و اجتماعی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر

2 گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشکده مدریریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران

3 دانشکده مدیریت و حسابداری، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران

چکیده

امروزه افزایش جمعیت، زندگی مدرن و تغییر الگوهای مصرف منجرر بره تولید روزانه حجم قابل توجهی پسماند میشوند و کمبود زمین به منظور دفن بهداشتی پسماند و ماندگاری طولانی مدت برخی از انواع پسماند مانند شیشه، پلاستیک و ...، تاثیرات نامطلوب زیست محیطی (آلودگی های خاک، آب و هوا) در پی خواهند داشت. بنابراین، مدیریت پسماندها به ویژه پسماندهای خانگی از اهمیت خاصی برخوردار است. یکی از راهکارهای مناسب در این زمینر تفکیک پسماندهای خانگی است. شهرداری تهران نیز در سال های اخیر تلاش کرده است تا شهروندان را نسبت به این امر ترغیب کند. تحقیق حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش آموزش و دانش تفکیک پسماند در مدیریت پسماندهای خانگی در منطقه 8 شهرداری تهران در سال 1394 انجام شد. 400 نفر از شهروندان این منطقه به صورت نمونه گیری سهمیه ای= تصادفی انتخاب شدند. جمع آوری اطلاعات از طریق پرسشنامه و تحلیل آن با استفاده از نرم افزار spss انجام شد. نتایج نشان می دهد دانش شهروندان نسبت به انواع پسماند در سطح بالایی بود اما مشارکت شهروندان در سطح متوسطی قرار داشت. نتایج آزمون فرضیه های تحقیق نشان داد که بین آموزش تفکیک پسماند، زمان آموزش و دانش نسبت به تفکیک پسماند با رفتار تفکیک پسماند رابطه مستقیم و مثبت وجود دارد. بین متغیرهای جمعیتی سن، جنس، تحصیلات و رفتار تفکیک پسماند رابطه آماری معنیداری به دست نیامد. به طور کلی نتایج تحقیق حاضر ضمن تایید تجربی تاثیر آموزش بر رفتار تفکیک پسماند توسط شهروندان، ضرورت توجه به سایر عوامل اجتماعی و فرهنگی را نیز مطرح می کند. به عبارت دیگر، عامل آموزش و ارتقا سطح دانش به تنهایی نمی توانند منجر به تفکیک پسماند شوند و باید در کنار سایر عوامل موثر در رفتار تفکیک پسماند بررسی شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

(The Role of Training Citizens in Domestic Waste Management (Case Study: The Region 8 of Tehran Municipality

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sadegh Salehi 1
  • Ahmad Bokharaei 2
  • Jila Ahmadi 3

1 Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar.

2 Department of Social Sciences , Faculty Management and Accounting, University of Payam Noor, Tehran.

3 Faculty Management and Accounting, University of Payam Noor Tehran

چکیده [English]

Today the issue of waste management is one of the most crucial issues in the field of waste management of large cities. Lack of land for waste disposal and long-term remain of certain types of waste such as glass, plastic and metals, is leading to undesirable environmental effects as well as pollution of soil, water and air. Among the types of waste, household waste accounted a considerable amount of municipal waste and urban studies show that one of the solutions is household waste separated for waste management. Due to the growing volume of waste generated in Tehran and several problems caused the Tehran Municipality has tried to encourage citizens towards waste separation in recent years. This study aimed to investigate the role of training and knowledge in the management of residual household waste. The study area covered Region 8 of Tehran Municipality in 2015. To conduct this research, survey method were applied. The ample of this study was composed of 400 residents of over 15 years old who were living in the region and selected by utilizing quota-random sampling method and the required information was gathered through questionnaires. Analysis was conducted by using spss software. The results also showed that more than half of the respondents have been trained about waste separation. The average level of respondents’ knowledge was reported at high-level. Moreover, analytical results showed that statistically, there was a significant relationship between training and waste separation. Also the amount of training associated with waste separation. According to test correlation people knowledge about waste was associated with waste separation and its correlation was positive and direct. Variables of age, gender, education and income have showed no impact on the separation of waste. In general, the results of this study too empirical support the effect of training on waste separation behavior by citizens and also presented necessity of attention to other social and cultural factors. .In other words, factors training and improving knowledge can not lead to the separation of waste alone and should done a comprehensive study alongside with other factors influencing in the behavior of waste separation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Waste management
  • Training citizens
  • Citizens’ knowledge
  • Tehran Municipality

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