نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه کشاورزی اکولوژیک، پژوهشکده علوم محیطی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

2 دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه زابل

3 پژوهشکده علوم محیطی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

چکیده

این تحقیق با هدف تحلیل اثرات برنامه ­های IPM/FFS بر دستاوردهای مختلف از نظردست ­اندرکاران مختلف شامل جوامع کشاورزان، افراد دولتی در سطح ملی و محلی و محققانی که از این برنامه­ های حمایت می­ کنند انجام شد. این تحقیق از نظر استفاده از دیدگاهی جامعه شناختی برای تبیین کارکرد تقویتی و تجمعی ارزیابی اثرات برنامه­ های IPM/FFS  منحصر بفرد است و در این رابطه از رهیافت­ های سرمایه ­های جمعی و مدیریت سازگاری بهره ­برده است. در این تحقیق جمعاً 86 نفر به عنوان برنمونه از دست اندرکاران برنامه های IPM/FFS انتخاب شدند. تحلیل به مولفه ­های اصلی برای تعیین عوامل اثر برنامه­ های IPM/FFS استفاده گردید و چند عامل شامل ارتقای رفاه اجتماعی، بهبود سلامت ایمنی مزرعه، توسعه مهارت­های اجتماعی (رهبری) و فنی، مدیریت ریسک و بازاریابی، بهبود کیفیت تولید و همچنین گسترش توانمندهای تجربی کشاورزان و استقرار مدیریت اکولوژیک سازگار تبیین شدند. بر اساس کارکرد تقویت کنندگی و تجمعی اثرات برنامه­های IPM/FFS این گونه نتیجه گیری شد که این برنامه­های با تشویق یادگیری اجتماعی از طریق توسعه مهارت­ های رهبری و اجتماعی و فنی سبب تقویت سرمایه انسانی و سیاسی شده­ اند، که این مهارت ­ها نیز به نوبه خود سبب ارتقای سرمایه های مالی و اجتماعی از طریق گسترش دامنه فعالیت های محلی، روابط و خط مشی های مرتبط با بهبود مدیریت اگرواکوسیستم شده­ اند (سرمایه طبیعی). سرانجام بر اساس کارکرد تجمعی و تقویتی اثرات برنامه­ های IPM/FFS به ویژه برای دستیابی به اهداف بلندمدت، رهیافت مدیریت سازگاری پیشنهاد گردید تا با استفاده از رهیافت ­های مشارکتی بر اثرات توسعه ای تاکید شود. 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Application of the Community Capitals Approach in Assessing the Impacts of IPM/ FFS Programs

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hadi Veisi 1
  • Ali Alipour 2
  • Fatemeh Darijani 3

1 Department of Agroecology, Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University

2 Zabol University.

3 Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, GC.

چکیده [English]

This study was conducted in order to analyze the impacts of IPM/ FFS programs on various outcomes by a broad range of stakeholders - including farming communities, local and national governments, and researchers - who are supporting such programs in Iran. This study is unique in that it uses an impact evaluation with a sociological perspective to explore the trigger and accumulation function of the effects of IPM/FFS programs in conformity with the community capital and adaptive management approaches. A total of 86 IPM/FFS stockholders were sampled. The principal component analysis was used to identify the impact factors of IPM/FFS programs and explore several factors, including the enhancement of social welfare, the improvement of farm health and safety, technical and social (leadership) skills development, risk management and marketing, improvement of production quality as well as expansion of farmers’ experiential abilities, and the establishment of adaptive ecological management. According to the trigger and accumulation function of the effects of IPM/FFS programs, it was concluded that the IPM/FFS stimulated social learning and that it strengthened human and political capital by developing technical, social and leadership skills, which apparently prompted social and financial capital through expanding the range of local activities, relationships and policies related to improved agro-ecosystem management (natural capital). Finally, based on the trigger and accumulation function of the effects of IPM/FFS programs, in particular for providing longterm effects, an adaptive management approach was recommended to emphasis on developmental impacts through a participatory approach.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • IPM/FFS
  • Impacts
  • Trigger and Accumulation Function
  • Community Capital
  • Agriculture
  • Participatory Approach

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