نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران

2 گروه جنگلداری، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران

3 گروه ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران

4 گروه منابعطبیعی، دانشکده کشاورزی و منابعطبیعی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد بروجرد، بروجرد

چکیده

مدیریت منابع جنگلی به دلیل گستردگی و تداخل با مسائل اقتصادی و اجتماعی، طرحی فراسازمانی است که نیازمند مشارکت همگانی می باشد. با افزایش جمعیت و وابستگی شدید جنگل‌نشینان به منابع جنگلی، سطح این منابع با ارزش کاهش یافته و از منظر تخریب کمی و کیفی در خطر نابودی قرار گرفته‌اند. هدف تحقیق حاضر، بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر مشارکت روستاییان جنگل‌نشین در مدیریت جنگل های اشترانکوه در شهرستان دورود بود. برای انجام این پژوهش از روش توصیفی ـ همبستگی استفاده شد. جامعه آماری شامل 543 خانوار بود که به عنوان نمونه، 226 سرپرست خانوار با استفاده از جدول تاکمن و مورگان با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی متناسب با طبقه، مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. تجزیه و تحلیل آماری با استفاده نرم افزار SPSS انجام گرفت. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه بود که روایی آن با استفاده از نظر جمعی از اساتید، مورد تأیید قرار گرفت و پایایی دسته گویه‌های پرسشنامه با استفاده از آزمون آلفای کرونباخ مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. آزمون رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد که متغیرهای استفاده از وسایل و منابع آموزشی، نگرش به مشارکت، سن، تجربه همکاری در روستا، سطح تحصیلات و درآمد سالانه، توانایی تبیین 51/0 از تغییرات میزان مشارکت در مدیریت جنگل را دارا می‌باشند. همچنین، نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که متغیر استفاده از وسایل و منابع آموزشی بیشترین تأثیر و آگاهی از اهمیت جنگل کمترین تأثیر را بر میزان مشارکت در مدیریت جنگل داراست. در پایان بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، پیشنهادهایی ارائه گردیده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Affecting Factors on Participation of Forests Rural Dwellers toward Oshtorankooh Forests Management in Doroud Township, Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges Dramiani 1
  • Hadi Kiadaliri 2
  • Masoud Bijani 3
  • Farzad Veisanloo 4

1 Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Islamic Azad, Science and Research Branch, Tehran.

2 Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Islamic Azad, Science and Research Branch, Tehran.

3 , Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran.

4 Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University Islamic Azad, Boroujerd Branch, Boroujerd

چکیده [English]

Forest resources management due to the breadth of the subject and interference with social and economic issues is a meta-organizational plan application which is required the public participation. Due to increasing population size and high dependency of forest dwellers to forest resources, the destruction of these valuable resources declined in terms of quantity and quality and is in danger of disappearing. The purpose of this study was to investigate affecting factors on participation of forests rural dwellers toward Oshtorankooh forests management in Doroud. The study was fulfilled by using descriptive - correlation method. The population size was 543 households that according to Krejcie & Morgan Table, 226 family supervisors were studied as a sample by using stratified random sampling method. Statistical analysis was done through SPSS software. The research tool included a questionnaire that its validity was confirmed by a group of professionals. A pilot study was conducted during which the Cronbach's alpha test was calculated to determinate the reliability of data collection instrument. Multiple regression analysis showed that the use of educational tools and resources, attitude to participation, age, cooperation and interaction experience in rural areas, education level and annual income, could explain 0.51 of the variation of participation. Results of path analysis showed that variable of the use educational tools and resources had the most effect and the awareness of the importance of forests had the least effect on the participation rate in forest management. Based on the findings, some executive recommendations have been presented

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • participation
  • Forest management
  • Oshtorankooh
  • Doroud township

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