Morison J I L, Morecroft M D. Plant growth and climate change. India: Blackwell publishing; 2006.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon S, Qin D,Manning, M, Chen, Z, Marquis, M,Averyt, K B, Tignor, M, Miller H.L. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.
Dai A. Drought under global warming: a review. WIREs Climate Change; 2011; 2: 45â65.
Wetzel F T, Kissling W D, Beissmann H, Penn D J. Future climate change driven sea-level rise: secondary consequences from human displacement for island biodiversity. Global Change Biology; 2012; 18: 2707-2719.
] Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), http://www.epa.gov/climatechange, (assessed: 2012).
Thoning K W, Tans P P, Komhyr W D. Atmospheric carbon dioxide at mauna loa observatory 2. Analysis of the NOAA GMCC data, 1974-1985, Journal of Geophysical Research; 1989; 94: 8549-8565.
Solomon S, Qin D, Manning M, Alley R B, Berntsen T, Bindoff N L, Chen Z, Chidthaisong A, Gregory J M, Hegerl G C, Heimann M, Hewitson B, Hoskins B J, Joos F, Jouzel J, Kattsov V, Lohmann U, Matsuno T, Molina M, Nicholls N, Overpeck J, Raga G, Ramaswamy V, Ren J, Rusticucci M, Somerville R, Stocker T F, Whetton P, Wood R A, Wratt D. Technical Summary. In: Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]., Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.: Cambridge University Press; 2007.
Gill S E, Handley J F, Ennos A R, Pauleit S. Adapting cities for climate change: The role of the green infrastructure. Built Environment; 2007; 33 (1): 115-133.
Kappelle M, Van Vuuren M, Baas P. Effects of climate change on biodiversity: a review and identification of key research issues. Biodiversity and Conservation; 1999; 8 (10): 1383-1397.
Parmesan C. Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics; 2006; 37:637-669.
Parmesan C, Yoh G. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature; 2003; 421: 37-42.
McCarty J P, Wolfenbarger L L, Wilson J A. Biological Impacts of Climate Change. eLS.; 2009.
Loreau M, Naeem S, Inchausti P, Bengtsson J, Grime J, Hector A, Hooper D, Huston M A, Raffaelli D, Schmid B, Tilman D, Wardle D A. Review biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: current knowledge and future challenges. Science; 2001; 294(5543): 804-808.
Buyantuyev A, Wu J. Urban heat islands and landscape heterogeneity: linking spatiotemporal variations in surface temperatures to land-cover and socioeconomic patterns. Landscape Ecology; 2010; 25: 17-33.
Theurillat J P, Guisan A. Potential impact of climate change on vegetation in the european alps: a review. Climatic Change; 2001; 50: 77-109.
Keith D W. Geoengineering the climate: history and prospect. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment; 2000; 25(1): 245-284.
Ridgwell A, Singarayer J S, Hetherington A M, Valdes P. Tackling regional climate change by leaf albedo bio-geoengineering, Current Biology; 2009; 19(2): 146-150.
Mabuchi K, Yasuo S, Hideji K. Climatic Impact of Vegetation Change in the Asian Tropical Region. Part I:
Case of the Northern Hemisphere Summer. Journal of Climate; 2005; 18: 410â428.
Avissar R. Potential effects of vegetation on the urban thermal environment. Atmospheric Environment; 1996; 30: 437-448.
Taha H. Urban climates and heat islands: albedo, evapo-transpiration, and anthropogenic heat. Energy and Buildings; 1997; 25: 99-103.
Lindley S. Climate change and urban green spaces University of Manchester, speaking at conference 'A Climate of Change' Manchester; 2006.24.
Hejazi R., Abadi P. Effect of plants on ambient temperature (case study: Taleghani Park). Journal of Environmental Science and Technology; 2002; 4 (1): 45-83.
Treutter D. Managing phenol contents in crop plants by phytochemical farming and breeding-visions and constraints. International Journal of Molecular Sciences; 2010; 11: 807-857.
Kasperbauer M J. Far-red light reflection from green leaves and effects on phytochrome-mediated assimilate partitioning under field conditions. Plant Physiology; 1987; 85(2): 350-354.
Asner G. Biophysical and Biochemical Sources of Variability in Canopy Reflectance. Remote Sensing of Environment; 1998; 64: 234â253.
Slaton M R, Hunt E R, Smith W. Estimating near-infrared leaf reflectance from leaf Smith, W.H., 1984. Pollutant uptake by plants. In: Treshow, M. (Ed.), Air Pollution and Plant Life., New York: John Wiley; 2001.
Feng X, Simpson A, Wilson K, Wiliams D, Simpson M. Increased cuticular carbon sequestration and lignin oxidation in response to soil warming. Nature Geoscience; 2008; 1: 836â839.
Doughty C,â¢B Field C, McMillan A. Can crop albedo be increased through the modification of leaf trichomes, and could this cool regional climate? Climatic Change; 2011; 104: 379â387.
Grant R H, Heisler G M, Gao W, Jenks M. Ultraviolet leaf reflectance of common urban trees and the prediction of reflectance from leaf surface characteristics. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology; 2003; 120: 127-139.
Hollinger D Y, Ollinger S V, Richardson A D, Meyers T P, Dail D B, Martin M E, Scott N A, Arkebauer T J, Baldocchi D D, Clark K L, Curtis P S, Davis K J, Desai A R, Dragoni D, Goulden M L, Gu L, Katul G G, Pallardy S G, Paw U K T, Schmid H P, Stoy P C, Suyker A E, Verma S B. Albedo estimates for land surface models and support for a new paradigm based on foliage nitrogen concentration. Natural Resources; 2009; 16(2): 696-710.
Bonan G. Forests and Climate Change: Forcings, eedbacks, and the Climate Benefits of Forests. Science; 2008; 320: 1444-1449.
Bonan G. Ecological Climatology: Concepts and Applications. Cambridge University Press; 2008
Betts A, Ball J. Albedo over the boreal forest (1997). Journal of Geographical Research; 1997; 102(24): 901-909.
Paasenen P, Asmi A, PetÃ¤jÃ¤ T, Kajos M, ÃijÃ¤lÃ¤ M, Junninen H, Holst T, Abbatt J P D, Arneth A, Birmili W, van der Gon H, Hamed A, Hoffer A, Laakso L, Laaksonen A, Leaitch W R, Plass-DÃ¼lmer C P, Pryor S, RÃ¤isÃ¤nen P, Swietlicki E, Wiedensohler A, Worsnop D, Kerminen V, Kulmala M. Warming-induced increase in aerosol number concentration likely to moderate climate change. Nature Geoscience; 2013; 6: 438-442.
Akbari H. Shade trees reduce building energy use and CO2 emissions from power plants. Environmental Pollution; 2002;116:119-26.
Shashua-Bar L, Pearlmutter D, Erell E. The influence of trees and grass on outdoor thermal comfort in a hot-arid environment. International Journal of Climatology; 2011; 31: 1498-1506.
Simpson J. Urban forest impacts on regional cooling and heating energy: Sacramento county case story. Journal of Arboriculture; 1998; 24 (4): 201-214.
Gilman F, Sadowski L. Choosing Suitable Trees for Urban and Suburban Sites: Site Evaluation and Species Selection. US: University of Florida Extension; 2007; Chapter 7.
Pandit P, Laband D. Energy savings from tree shade. Ecological Economics; 2010; 69: 1324-1329.
Donovan G, Butry D. The value of shade: Estimating the effect of urban trees on summertime electricity use. Energy and Buildings; 2009; 41: 662â668.
Akbari H, Pomerantz M Taha H. Cool surfaces and shade trees to reduce energy use and improve air quality in urban areas. Solar Energy; 2001; 70 (3): 295-310.
Thornthwaite C W. An approach toward a rational classification of climate. Geographical Review; 1948; 38(1): 55-94.
Barton C V M, Duursma R A, Medlyn B E, Ellsworth D S, Eamus D, Tissue D, Adams M A, Conroy J, Crous K Y, Liberloo M, LÃ¶w M, Linder S, McMurtrie, R E. Effects of elevated atmospheric [CO2] on instantaneous transpiration efficiency at leaf and canopy scales in Eucalyptus saligna. Global Change Biology; 2012; 18: 585-595.
Brodribb T J, Feild T S, Sack L. Viewing leaf structure and evolution from a hydraulic perspective, Functional Plant Biology; 2008; 37(6): 488-498.
Ewers B E, Bond-Lamberty B, Mackay D. Size- and age-related changes in tree structure and function tree physiology; 2011; 4:481-505 Consequences of Stand Age and Speciesâ Functional Trait Changes on Ecosystem Water Use of Forests.
Buckley T N, Sack L, Gilbert M E. The Role of Bundle Sheath Extensions and Life Form in Stomatal Responses to Leaf Water Status. Plant Physiology; 2011; 156: 962-973.
Song X, Barbour M M, Farquhar G F, Vann D, Helliker B. Transpiration rate relates to within- and across- species variations in effective path length in a leaf water model of oxygene isotope enrichment; 2013; 36(7): 1338-1351.
Sedjo R, Sohngen B. "Carbon Sequestration in Forests and Soils". Annual Review of Resource Economics; 2012; 4: 127-144.
The Royal Society. Geoengineering the climate Science, governance and uncertainty. London; 2009.
Jansson C, Wullschleger S, Kalluri U., Tuskan G. Phytosequestration: Carbon Biosequestration by Plants and the Prospects of Genetic Engineering. BioScience; 2010; 60: 685-696.
Nowak D, Crane D. Carbon storage and sequestration by urban trees in the USA. Environmental Pollution; 2002; 116: 381-389.
Liu C, Li X. Carbon storage and sequestration by urban forests in Shenyang, China. Urban Forestry and Urban Greening; 2012; 11: 121-128.
Rosenfeld A H., Romm J J, Akbari H. Pomerantz M. Cool communities: strategies for heat island mitigation and smog reduction. Energy and Building; 1998; 28: 51-62.
Wright I J, Reich P B, Westoby M, Ackerly D D, Baruch Z, Bongers F, Cavender-Bares J, Chapin T, Cornelissen J H C, Diemer M, Flexas J, Garnier E, Groom P K, Gulias J, Hikosaka K, Lamont B B, Lee T, Lee W, Lusk C, Midgley J J, Navas M, Niinemets U, Oleksyn J, Osada N, Poorter H, Poot P, Prior L, Pyankov V, Roumet C, Thomas S C, Tjoelker M J, Veneklaas E J, Villar R. The worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Nature; 2004; 428: 821-827.
Richards R A. Selectable traits to increase crop photosynthesis and yield of grain crops. Journal of Experimental and Botany; 2000; 51: 447-458.
Field C, Mooney H A. The photosynthesis nitrogen relationship in wild plants. Pages 25-55 in T. Givnish, editor. On the economy of plant form and function. London, UK.: Cambridge University Press; 1986.
Reich P, Ellsworth D, Walters M, Vose J, Gresham C, Vous J, Bowman W. Generality of leaf trait relationships: a test across six biomes. Ecology; 1999; 80(6): 1955-1969.
Balmaseda M A, Trenberth K E, KÃ¤llen E. Distinctive climate signals in reanalysis of global ocean heat content. Geophysical Research Letters; 2013; 40 (9): 1754â1759.
Reich P B, Walters M B, Ellsworth D S. From tropics to tundra: global convergence in plant functioning. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA; 1997; 94: 13730-13734.
Kikuzawa K, Lechowicz M J. Ecology of Leaf Longevity. Springer, NewYork, US; 2011.
Ackerly D. Functional strategies of chaparral shrubs in relation to seasonal water deficit and disturbance. Ecological Monographs; 2004; 74: 25-44.
Kvesitadze G,â¢Khatisashvili G, Sadunishvili T, Ramsden J. Biochemical mechanisms of detoxification in higher plants basis of phytoremediation. Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag; 2006.
Sundqvist E, Crill P, MÃ¶lder M, Vestin P, Lindroth A. Atmospheric methane removal by boreal plants, Geophysical Research Letters; 2012; 39 (21): 21806- 21812.
Goldman M B, Groffman P M, Pouyat R V, McDonnell M J, Pickett S T A. CH4 uptake and N availability in forest soils along an urban to rural gradient. Soil Biology and Biochemistry; 1995; 27 (3): 281â286.
Goffman P M, Pouyat R V. Methane uptake in urban forests and lawns. Environmental Science and Technology; 2009; 43: 5229-5235.
Jasechko S, Sharp Z D, Gibson J J, Birks S J, Yi Y, Fawcett P J. Terrestrial water fluxes dominated by transpiration. Nature; 2013; 496: 347â350.
Arellano J, van Heerwaarden C, Lelieveld J. Modelled suppression of boundary-layer clouds by plants in a CO2-rich atmosphere. Nature Geoscience; 2012; 5: 701-704.
Hartmann D L, Ockert-Bell M E, Michelson M L. The effect of cloud type on Earthâs energy balance: global analysis. Journal of Climate; 1992; 5: 1281-1304.
Peck L S, Barnes D K A, Cook A J, Fleming A H, Clarke A. Negative feedback in the cold: ice retreat produces new carbon sinks in Antarctica. Global Change Biology; 2010; 16: 2614-2623.
Fowler D. Deposition of SO2 onto plant canopies. In: Winner, W.E., Mooney, H.A., Goldstein, R.A. (Eds.), Sulfur Dioxide and Vegetation., Stanford, CA, 389â402: Stanford University Press; 1985.
Baslar S, Dogan Y, Yenil N, Karagoz S,Bag H. Trace element biomonitoring by leaves of Populus nigra L. from western Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology; 2005; 26(4): 665-668.
Sawidis T, Marnasidis A, Zachariadis G, Stratis J. A study of air pollution with heavy metals in Thessaloniki city (Greece) using trees as biological indicators. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology; 1995; 28(1): 118-124.
Mollashahi M, Alimohammadian H, Hosseini S M, Riahi A, Feizi V, Satareiyan A. Mapping Air Pollution Using Magnetometery on Tree Leaves in Tehran Metropolitan, Iran. Physical Geography Research Quarterly; 2012; 44(3): 93-108.
Fahn A, Cutler D. Xerophytes. Encyclopedia of Plant Anatomy, Gebruder Borntraeger; 1992; vol.3.
Omasa K, Tobe K, Hosomi M, Kobayashi M. Absorption of ozone and seven organic pollutants by Populus nigra and Camellia sasanqua. Environmental Science & Technology; 2000; 34(12): 2498-2500.
Kumar S R, Arumugam T, Anandakumar C R, Balakrishnan S, Rajavel D S. Use of plant species in controlling environmental pollution- a review. Bulletin of Environment, Pharmacology and Life Sciences; 2013; 2: 52-63.
Takahashi M, Morikawa H. Air-pollutant-philic plants for air remediation. Journal of Environmental Protection; 2012; 3: 1346-1352.
Young I R. Global trends in wind speed and wave height. Science; 2011; 332: 451-454.
Balling R C, Cerveny R S. Long-term associations between wind speeds and the urban heat island of Phoenix, Arizona. Journal of Applied Meteorology; 1987; 26: 712-716.
Rryor S C, Barthelmie R J. Climate change impacts on wind energy: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews.; 2010; 14: 430-437.
Park M, Hagishima A, Tanimoto J, Narita K. Effect of urban vegetation on outdoor thermal environment: Field measurement at a scale model site. Building and Environment; 2012; 56: 38-46.
Andreu M G, Tamang B, Rockwood D L Freidman M H. Potential Woody Species and Species Attributes for Windbreaks in Florida. US: University of Florida; 2012.
Bitog J P, Lee I B, Shin M H, Hong S W, Hwang H S, Seo I H, Yoo J I, Kwon K S, Kim Y H, Han J W. Numerical simulation of an array of fences in Saemangeum reclaimed land. Atmospheric Environment; 2009; 43: 4612-4621.
Hagler G S, Lin M, Khlystov A, Baldauf RW, Isakov V, Faircloth J, Jackson L E. Field investigation of roadside vegetative and structural barrier impact on near-road. Science of the Total Environment ultrafine particle concentrations under a variety of wind conditions. Science of the Total Environment; 2012; 419: 7-15.
Wu Q, Chen Y, Zhang L. Study on structures and benefits of windbreak and sand-fixation forests of sand region in Yulin. Advanced Materials Research; 2012; 524-527: 2078-2082.