Level of Environmental Literacy of Government Employees in order to Select the Most Appropriate Education Method

Document Type : Original Articles


1 PhD. Student of Environmental Education, Tehran Payame Noor University

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Environmental Education, Tehran Payame Noor University


Environmental literacy consists of a series of functions and attitudes rooted in deep knowledge and must be a second nature to individuals who possess the environmental literacy. Training is the most important principle for development of human resources, because its outcome will return to the system in midterm and long term though the efficient performance of the trained staff and leads to the streamlining and acceleration of affairs, increased efficiency and profits for the organization. Science requires each expert to be aware of the environmental aspects of his or her works and to be able to focus on and apply the environmental requirements during planning, design or implementation of a plan or project. Therefore, an engineer, who is unfamiliar with this dimension of his or her work, is inevitably unacquainted with the latest science. Descriptive research method of survey type and the project's statistical group consisted of 800 governmental managers and experts, among whom 260 were selected randomly using the Morgan table. The reliability of the questionnaire was validated by the relevant specialists and its consistency was calculated as 0.89 by the Cronbach Alpha coefficient. It was found that government employees have a positive attitude and pro-environment but in terms of their cognitive and environmental behavior level is low. The research demonstrated that self-training packages in the form of audio–video materials is the most appropriate technology for training on environment for government employees.


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