Multidisciplinary Analysis of Nature, Culture and History in the Archeological Landscape of Iran

Document Type : Original Articles


1 Department of Environmental Enjineering Design, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran

2 h.D .Student, Environmental planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran

3 Ph.D .Student, Environmental planning, Faculty of Environment, University of Tehran


Parse (Persepolis) in Farvardin plain and Pasargadae in Marghab plain (two ancient cities in Fars Province) are well-known World Heritage archeological sites dating back to the Achaemenid period (560-330 BC), located in South-Central Iran. The present protective buffers for each site have been defined without any consideration of the natural and cultural landscapes that are the major criteria playing unique roles in their development. The area between Parse and Pasargadae along the Sivand River and Tang-e Bolaghi valley hosts significant natural, cultural and historical landscapes in which the above mentioned two sites are only two small representative heritages among the vast integrated landscape indicatinga spatial-temporal-cultural association .The results of this study are: (1) By studying the historical, natural and cultural context and consistency of Parse- Pasargadae region, the identification of a more suitable protective margin for Parse- Pasargadae, cultural landscape as a unified concept and also to prevent its destruction. (2) Identifying criteria for the cultural landscape (3) Recognition that the Qashqa'i pastoralists are a special Persian cultural index that has preserved this culture for thousands of years.