The Social Sustainability Principles of Residential Complex

Document Type : Original Articles


1 Department of Head of Architectural, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University

2 Department of Architecture, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Shahid Beheshti University.


Over the last decades of the twentieth century and early in twenty-first, sustainability has been one of the most prominent discussions in different fields, especially in the field of architecture and urban spaces. It can be balanced through putting the 3 elements economy, environmental and society together. The economic aspect is typically respected because of financial and profit reasons by capitalists, although it is often overly noticed and some problems may arise from that. Environmental subjects also have standards and are noticed differently according to each society. But the social aspect of development is neglected. In the present paper, social sustainability bases including equity justice, aesthetic value, comfort, welfare, children safety and growth, social identity and other similar issues are to be considered. For this purpose, the social sustainability of residential complexes is surveyed by Iranian specialists and social scientists, to record and combine their valuable academic and professional experiences on the one hand, and their experiences of living in a residential complex on the other. Then, through analyzing the resulting ideas, the factors effective on the sustainability bases of residential complexes are extracted. This is a geodesic research of an exploratory geodesic type which is performed on the basis of analysis, description and extraction of questionnaire outcomes and discovery of sustainability bases and relations among them, according to social scientists, in order to determine theoretical sustainability bases of residential complexes. In the next step, through comparing it with external evidence, it would be possible to identify scientific principles and architectural solutions. This purpose will be accomplished through regional research and organizing a questionnaire for such complexes. These matters will come under consideration later.