The Evolution of Environmental Education in Iran: Presenting Some Suggestions for its Promotion

Document Type : Original Articles


1 Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Education, Payame Noor University, Tehran

2 Ph.D Student of Environmental Management, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran


The main purpose of this research is the study and analysis of the evolution of environmental education from its beginnings to the present time in Iran. The evolution of environmental education in Iran over the past 40 years has not been straightforward. Although Iran does not have a lengthy history of environmental education, over the past three decades, steps forward have been taken and remarkable progress has been made. In this research, we use the case study method of historical analysis to describe and analyze the overall situation, as well as the major projects, policies and programs implemented to date in Iran. Data and information were compiled using various sources, including environmental education office performance reports, and documents, records, books and articles published in this field.Environmental education in Iran has experienced 4 major phases, and forward momentum is improving.This research also illustrates recommendations for optimal development of this scientific expertise in the future.