The Criminal Protection of Environment: A Reflection on the Requirements of the Criminal Environmental Law

Document Type : Original Articles


Department of Law, Environmental Sciences research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University


Nowadays, the environment and its preservation are regarded as of such ethical and social value that their criminal protection is an indisputable necessity. In this regard, the shortconings of tort law sanctions and the inefficiency of environmental administrative law measures reflect the mentioned necessity. However, the application of criminal law for environmental protection can not be free from any requirements and consideration. Choosing an appropriate approach to adopting criminal sanctions; recognition of the criminal responsibility for legal persons including corporations; and the establishment of modern and effective monitoring mechanisms are among the said requirements.