Investigating on the relationship between plant measurements of Parapholis incurva with environmental factors and water point distance in rangelands of Incheh Borun Golestan province (case Study: Incheh Borun)

Document Type : Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Rangeland Sciences and Engineering,, Faculty of Rangeland and Watershed Management,, Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources,, Gorgan, Iran

2 Department of Rangeland Sciences and Engineering, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran

3 Department of Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources and Marine Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Noor, Iran

10.52547/envs.14307

Abstract

Introduction: Parapholis incurva is a plant in halophytic rangelands of the northern Golestan Province and is very important in terms of forage production. This plant species grows in arid climates and saline soils. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the characteristics of this species with environmental factors such as soil physicochemical properties and distance from the watering trough in rangelands of Incheh Borun in Golestan Province.
Material and methods: Towards this attempt, 200 quadrates with an area of 4 m2 were taken along distances from a watering trough. The sampling method was randomized-systematic. In the sampling area, the presence of P. incurva species was recorded. In the center of each plot, the soil was sampled from depths of 0 to 20 centimeters. Soil samples were transferred to the laboratory and experiments were carried out to measure pH, electrical conductivity (EC), soil texture (silt, clay, and sand), organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus. In this research pH, EC, soil texture, organic carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus were measured using pH meter, conductivity meter, hydrometric method, and Olson method, respectively. Multiple regression analysis (using SPSS software V18) was used to investigate the relationship between the characteristics of P. incurva and distances from a watering trough and soil physicochemical properties.
Results and discussion: R2 values (93%) showed that distances from a watering trough had the most contribution to the variations in density, percentage cover, and frequency changes. The strength of the linear regression model by soil parameters for predicting the density, percentage cover, and frequency of P. incurva was 77, 70 and 83 percent, respectively. Results showed soil properties such as total nitrogen, sand content, and organic matter content had a positive effect on the presence of P. incurva in the study area. The results showed that pH, Buckley density, silt content, and EC had a negative effect on the presence and distribution of P. incurva.
Conclusion: On a local scale, distance from a watering trough was more influential on the changes in density, percentage cover, and frequency of P. incurva than soil parameters.

Keywords


Abrsaji, G.A., Mahdavi, M. and Jouri, H., 2011. The investigation of the effect micro topography factor and some of soil chemical and haracteristics on the distribution of frankenia hirsuta plant in saline and alkaline rangelands of golestan province. Plants and Ecosystems. 31, 75-87.
Bakhshi Khaniki, G. and Mohammadi, B., 2012. Ecological study of some species of the genus salsola (Chenopodiaceae) in Golestan Province. New Cellular and Molecular Biotechnology Journal. 6, 45-52.
Cheng, X., An, S., Chen, J. and Li, B., 2006. Spatial relationships among species above-ground biomass, N, P in degraded grassland in ordos Plateau. Journal of Arid Environment. 68, 652-667.
Erfan Zadeh, R. and Hosseini Kohnouj, H., 2013. Investigation of different types of grazing traits in plant soils of banking assets in Kerman. Journal of Desert and Rangelands. 20 (2), 344-333.
Fakhimi Abarghouie, F., Mesdaghi, M. and Dianati Tilaki, G.A., 2011. The variation of vegetation factors along the grazing gradient in steppic rangelands of nodushan, Yazd Province, iran Rangelands of nodushan, Yazd Province, Iran. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Reseach. 18, 219-230.
Fattahi, B., Maleki, M., Yari, A., Salehi, M., Babaei, S. and Hasankaviar, F., 2012. Study of Acantholimon olivieri Boiss fire ecology in mountainous pastures of Hamedan province. Journal of Ecosystem of Plants. 2(1), 1-17.
Fleming, G.M., Diffendorfer, J.E. and Zedler, P.H., 2009. The relative importance of disturbance and exotic-plant abundance in California coastal sage scrub. Ecological Applications. 19(8), 2210-2227.
Fotelli, M.N., Radoglou, K.M. and Constantinidou, H.I., 2000. Water stress responses of seedlings of four Mediterranean Oak species. Tree Physiology. 20(16), 1065–1075.
GoveyliKilaneh, A. and Wahhabi, M., 2012. Influence of soil properties on the distribution of grassland vegetation in central Zagros, Iran. Journal of Science Technology of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Soil and Water Sciences. 16(59), 245-258.
Gurarni D., Arya N., Yadava, A. and Ram, J.,2010. Studies on plant biodiversity of pure Pinus roxburghii Sarg. forest and mixed Pine-Ooak forest in Uttarakhand Himalaya. New York Science Journal. 3, 1 - 15.
Heidarian Aghakhani, M., Naghipour, A.A. and Tavakoli, H., 2010. The Effects of grazing intensity on vegetation and Soil in sisab rangelands, bojnord. Journal of Range and Desert Reseach. 17, 243-253.
Heshmatii, G.A., 2002. The piosphere revisited: plant species patterns close to water points in small, fenced addocks in chenopod shrublands of South Australia. Journal of Arid Environment. 51, 547-560.
Hosseini, S. A. and Akbarzadeh, M., 2015. Vegetation changes in semi-steppe rangelands of Golestan Province. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research. 21(4), 685-696.
Huisman, J., Olff, H. and Fresco, L.F.M., 1993. A hierarchical set of models for species response analysis. Journal of Vegetation Science. 4, 37 - 46.
Isayenkov, S.V. and Maathuis, F. J. 2019. Plant salinity stress: many unanswered questions remain. Frontiers in Plant Science. 10, 80.
Karami, P., Gorgin Karaji, M., Basiri, R. and Kargari, E., 2008. Analyzes of species diversity in ecological species group case study: The Kurdista's Kouhsalan habitat. Journal of Environment. 34, 46. 47-56.
Khalifeh-Zadeh, R. and Mesdaghi, M. 2008. The effect of water point distance on vegetation parameters in winter rangelands of Chahe-Nou Damghan. Rangeland. 2(3), 195-207.
Khalifeh-zadeh, R., Sepehry, A. and Mesdaghi, M., 2009. Evaluating of utilization gradient of Artemisia sieberi Besser. Around watering points using group regression (Case study: Chahe-Nou rangeland, Damghan). Water. Management. (Pajouhesh and Sazandegi). 88, 80-87.
Mahmodian, A., DianatiTilaki, G.A. and Alavi, S.J., 2016. Investigation on the response of Aeluropus lagopodes and Salsola turcomanica species to some environmental gradients using the function HOF (the rangeland of Inchehboroun). Journal of Rangeland. 10, 328 -341.
Mclean, E.O., 1988. Soil pH and lime requirement. P 199-224, In: A.L. Page (Ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, American Society of Agronomy, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 199-224.
Piry Sahragard, H., Azarnivand, H., Zare Chahouki, M.A., Arzani, H. and Qumi, S., 2011. Study of effective environmental factors on distribution of plant communities in middle Taleghan Basin. Journal of Range and Watershed Management. 64,1–12.
Rajabov, T., 2009. Ecological assessment of spatio-temporal changes of vegetation in response to piosphere effects in semi-arid rangelands of Uzbekistan. Land Restoration Training Programme. Pp: 109-144.
Shaltout, K.H., Sheded M.G., El-Kady, H.F. and Al-Sodany, Y.M. 2003. Phytosociology and size structure of Nitraria retusa along the Egyptian red sea coast, Journal of Arid Environments, 53(3), 331-345.
Sharifi, A.M., Dianatitilaki, G.A. and Alavi, S.J., 2015. Investigating the response of festuca ovina L. to some environmental variables using HOF function in Galandrood watershed. Journal of Rangeland. 4, 328 - 341.
Tarhouni, M., Ben Salem, F., Ouled Belgacem, A. and Neffati, M., 2010. Acceptability of plant species along grazing gradients around watering points in Tunisian arid zone. Flora. 205, 454-461.
Todd, S.W. 2006. Gradients in vegetation cover, structure and species richness of Nama-Karoo shrublands in relation to distance from livestock watering points. Journal of Applied Ecology. 43, 293-304.
Vahdati, F.B., Mehrvarz, S.S., Dey, D.C. and Naqinezhad, A. 2017. Environmental factors–ecological species group relationships in the Surash lowland‚Äźmountain forests in northern Iran. Nordic Journal of Botany. 35(2), 240-250.
Valentine, J.F. 2001. Grazing Management (2nd ed). Academic Press, San Francisco, CA. 659p.
Wang, G., 2000. Use of understory vegetation in classifying soil moisture and nutrient regimes, Forest Ecology and Management. 129, 93-100.
Wei, Y., Dong, M., Huang Z.Y. and Tan, D.Y. 2008. Factors influencing seed germination of Salsola affinis (Chenopodiaceae), a dominant annual halophyte inhabiting the deserts of xinjiang, china, flora-morphology, Distribution. Functional Ecology of Plants. 203, 134-140.
Wesuls, D. 2013. The grazing fingerprint modelling species responses and trait patterns along grazing gradients in semi-arid namibian rangelands. Ecological Indicators. 27, 61- 70.
Xiang, Y., Li, Y. B., Zhang, J., Li, P. and Yao, Y. Z., 2007. A new alkaloid from Salsola collina. Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica. 42, 6- 618.
Yates, C. J., Norton, D. A. and Hobbs, R. J., 2000. Grazing effects on plant cover, soil and microclimate in fragmented woodlands in south western Australia: implications for restoration, Journal of Austral Ecology, 25, 36-47.
Zemmrich, A., Oehmke C. and Schnittler, M., 2007. A Scale – depending grazing gradient in an Artemisia – desert stepp, A case study from western Mongolia. Basic and Applied Dryland Research. 1, 17-32.
Zhao, C., Zayed, O., Yu, Z., Jiang, W., Zhu, P., Hsu, C.C. and Zhu, J.K., 2018. Leucine-rich repeat extension proteins regulate plant salt tolerance in Arabidopsis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 115, 13123-13128.
Zhao, W.Y., Li, J. L. and Qi, J. G., 2007. Change in vegetation diversity and structure in response to heavy grazing pressure in the northern Tianshan mountains, China Journal of Arid Environments. 68, 465-479.